In addition to the damage provisions under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, broad protections to the nation’s communication infrastructure are found in Federal law at 18 U.S.C. ¤ 1362. The law criminalizes damaging any of the communications systems operated or controlled by the United States. These crimes include maliciously obstructing, hindering, or delaying the transmission of any communication. Penalties may include fines, imprisonment for up to ten years, or both.